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Improving the delamination resistance of carbon fiber/epoxy composites by brushing and abrading of the woven fabrics

To improve the delamination resistance of the carbon fiber/epoxy composite (CF/E), the surface of the woven carbon fabric reinforcement was modified by in situ formed carbon fiber forest (CFF), which acts as novel interleaf in the laminates. The CFF was mechanically fabricated through a simple surface brushing and abrading of carbon fabrics. With the modification of CFF, the mode I interlaminar fracture toughness of CF/E composite laminates could be remarkably enhanced by ?83% with moderate loss of their in-plane tensile strength. Microscopy observation revealed that CFF formed a three-dimensional fiber network in the matrix rich area in the interlayer of the laminates. Mechanism studies indicated that the toughness improvement of the modified CF/E composites mainly originated from the fiber bridging caused by the CFF rooting in the fabrics, displaying similar through-the-thickness reinforcing mechanism to that of the 2.5 dimensional fabric reinforced composites.

» Author: Feng Xu, De-dong Huang, Xusheng Du

» Reference: Construction and Building Materials, Volume 158

» Publication Date: 15/01/2018

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This project has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° [609203].

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